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Table of Contents
Literature review 2
Gap Analysis 6
Thematic Table 7
Research Question 7
Aim of Research 7
Objectives of Research 8
Methodological Framework 8
Research design 8
Data collection 9
Data Analysis 9
Ethical Considerations 9
1. What do you think about Eco-tourism? * 12
2. What are the advantages of Investing in Eco-tourism? * 12
3. What are the disadvantages when investing in Eco-tourism? * 12
4. According to you , how does community and locals participate in local Eco-tourism activities? 13
5. Do you encounter any barriers when interacting with local community in tourism activities? 13
6. According to you, what the government should consider to encourage the participation of the local community in tourism sector? * 14
7. What are suitable methods to urge community contribution in tourism? * 14
8. Which point should be focused to improve the capacity of communities in tourism growth and development? 14
9. What are your interests while selecting a destination? * 15
10. Personal Information: * 15
A Comprehensive Study on availability of facilities in Dain Tree Rain Forest of Australia
This piece of work is basically about research on ecotourism and its analysis while specifically studying about facilities in Daintree Rain forests of Queenlands in Australia. Importance of role of ecotourism towards projects of nature conservation and sustainable tourism can’t be denied. During last decades, ecotourism has become an eco friendly alternative of mass tourism. And Australia is one of the leading countries in this regard. Current study is about exploring the facilities provided in the eco friendly resorts of Daintree Rain Forests of Australia. Study will also put light on availability of accommodation and guiding facilities and will provide recommendations for challenges. This paper describes the objective and aim of study along with timeline giving design of research. A short literature review defining about previous studies in the same field has been included. Budget, time frame and limitations are also discussed at the end.
According to World Tourism Organization (WTO), ecotourism is defined as;
“A type of main motivation for the tourists to observe and appreciate nature as well as cultures and customs of that natural areas, to minimize negative impacts of tourism over socio-cultural and natural environments and to support the sustainability of natural areas being used as ecotourism sites”.
Another definition describes its relation with traditional cultures “A kind of ecological and sustainable tourism that focuses on experience of natural sceneries and also boosts the understanding of culture, environment, their conservation and appreciation”.
National Ecotourism Strategy of Australia defines as “Tourism based on nature involving the interpretation of environment and education and is sustainable ecologically”. Nature based environment includes elements of the indigenous culture and sustainability involves conservation of nature and resources of the community (Commonwealth Department of Tourism, 1994).
The world oldest tropical rain forest is the Daintree forest of Australia. Daintree rain forest is listed in the World Heritage for tourism. It is one of the most beautiful and extraordinary places in the world. It is 135 million years old, older than Amazon forests and spanning at 17000 ha. It meets with another world heritage listed site, Reef (Official website of Daintree Rain Forests). Area has got special attention of Australian government for bringing facilities and also attention of tourists. Site is annually visited by more than 0.4 million tourists. Therefore it is necessary to bring quality services and facilities in the area. A lot has been done on the account of Australian government to make this naturally marvelous site coupled with world class facilities to meet the growing demand of visitors each year. Availability of accommodation and proper guide are among the most wanted facilities. Government and organizations for ecotourism has taken steps that’s why now, Dain tree rain forest is the area with most reliable and beautiful resorts in the world with a number of facilities.
This section is about to explain the previous researches in relevant field so that gap analysis can be done.
Concept of ecotourism is coupled with inversing socio economic and ecological effects of tourism while providing sustainability in development goals. It combines education of environment, conservation and well being of the indigenous people (Richardson 1993; Figgis 1993). Australia has unique fauna and flora along with vast ranges of nature based resources like rainforests, coral reefs and conserved areas for wilderness. These resources provide great potential to Australia to attract global ecotourists. Many areas of the Australia for example Uluru National Park, Great Barrier Reef and The Tasmanian Wilderness are given significance at international arena and have been listed in World Heritage Areas (Herath, 1996).
In Australia, there is great demand as regarded to ecotourism (Hatch, 1198). Australia is diverse and rich in nature based heritage and it gives Australia an edge for growth of ecotourism (Department of Industry, Science and Tourism, 1998).
Australia is blessed with resources for ecotourism and Government is paying due attention to fully exploit these resources. In Australia, protected areas and national parks are under the management of state governments and federal government. Government has focused its attention on education for green tourism and encouraging visitors to reduce their footprints for carbon. Business of ecotourism has role in sustainable development and also in the betterment of native communities, along with protection and conservation of heritage and culture. Adding to it, implementing specific measures such as providing ecotourists with behavior guides and public with manuals of publicity for protection of national parks, guiding operators and tourists for signing norms and agreements about ecotourism and boosting education and communication of ecotourism with the help of media will provide advantages (Duan and Yang, 2020).
According to Jones, (2019), as per the Australian perspectives, significant conservation efforts consist of the development of policies on the co-benefits of biodiversity conservation, and sustainable tourism perspective and sustainable financing activities are needed to be discussed. As per the Australian perspective, visualizing wildflower in Western Australia is solely focused on a huge range of species, occurs across a huge geographical area with the season lasting for a few months. As opined by Dogancili & Tarakçioğlu, (2017), argue that the favourable correlations the Western Australian Tourism Council identifies between biodiversity and ecotourism specifically highlight that ecotourism can play an effective part in biodiversity conservation.
The Queensland Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing is working to develop a number of legislative measures and policies for the improvement of ecotourism based activities and experience of visitors in protected and conserved areas of Queensland. One such act is The Nature Conservation Act 1992 that provides legislation regarding development of low impact, best, and privately owned infrastructure for ecotourism in national parks. It ensures that facilities meant for ecotourism are in the interest of public and also ecologically sustainable, and fulfills the main purpose of conserving natural land and protecting indigenous culture. It ensures that approval of every facility would be done in line with the real purpose of ecotourism, nature of the site and management of the park. The scale and nature of facilities vary from smaller structures to larger ones (Queensland Department of National Parks, 2015).
Queensland Ecotourism Development toolkit describes that government of Queensland will undergo partnerships with ecotourism and private proponents so that experience of visitors to special ecotourism spots of Queensland may be ensured. This approach is aimed at delivering practices that are ever best, innovative experiences to visitors in ecotourism and conservation of cultural and natural assets of Queensland. This approach demands a continued and better collaboration among all stakeholders for example Traditional Owners, tourism industry, research and conservation sectors, government and community. Through collaborative work, quality of ecotourism rich places and support to visitors for gaining better experience can be enhanced and made possible to implement policies practically (Queensland Ecotourism Development Toolkit, 2016)
One such initiative is The Mossman Gorge Centre, a tourism based business setup committed to the preserving and protecting nature at Daintree National Park and Mossman Gorge. Vision of centre is based on that of Elders of Mossman Gorge who wanted to see minimized impact of tourists and visitors on cultural and natural resources altogether creating opportunities of training and employment for native community. Basic thinking behind this vision is to make experience of visitors better and to guide them. Centre is providing a number of opportunities and amenities to bring people properly engaged with indigenous culture of Australia. Shuttle buses that are eco-friendly operate in the area for providing better access facilities to visitors also conserving the nature through reduced emissions of pollutants. For capturing, storing and reusing the rainfall water around the area, a new project has been launched to provide this facility. Centre is certified by Ecotourism Australia. It has close relationship of working with native stakeholders and Mossman Gorge Aboriginal Community so that they can take part actively. 90 percent staff of the centre is Yalanji workers who are native. This centre has also trained and hosted trainee students in cookery and hospitality who are accredited nationally. Centre is a leading institution for ecotourism development and has achieved many accreditations and awards for innovation and excellence (Queensland Ecotourism Development 2016-2020).
Government along with private stakeholders is taking initiatives those will cause grow in capacity of industry while enhancing the reputation of Queensland as world class destination for ecotourism. These initiatives provide;
Facilitating programs for developing experience to enhance the capacity of industry to ensure delivery of world-class experiences to visitors of ecotourism.
Providing a number of development tools of experience for industry to make enriched delivery in ecotourism experience.
Fostering a series of interpretation of quality in ecotourism along with culture of storytelling so that capabilities of operators can be enhanced to gain maximum benefit in delivery of product and business.
Developing a framework of events so that special events meant to provide visitors new experiences, to support protection and conservation of parks, to deliver financial benefits along with encouraging visitation of region, are fostered.
Promoting programs for certification that are supporting to a number of activities in ecotourism.
Establishing a committee that will support and oversee development of potential and current projects in ecotourism.
Progressing opportunities for investment with better practices and lower impacts.
Accelerating the certification up taking trend among businesses for ecotourism and to supporting a new database based on those certified businesses.
Evaluating the effectiveness and outcomes of programs of certification on products of ecotourism.
One such program initiative is establishment of small scaled facility of accommodation in developed and disturbed land of national park by company, Rainforest Ecolodge Pty Ltd. For selection of site for establishing facility, stakeholder underwent consultation with the Department of National Parks, Sports and Recreation. Department encouraged stakeholder for investigating the potential site for development of car parking site, it was disturbed previously but remained its infrastructure to access the road. This facility is providing facility of accommodation for maximum number of 20 guests. This accommodation facility has been contructed and designed to blend in with surrounding landscape by using podium structures that are light weight and surrounding environment drawn colors. It is relying on solar energy for generating power and meets its water supply needs by using and harvesting rainwater. This ecolodge has another feather in its cap by providing certain academic and research activities to guests. These activities include rainforest walks that are guided and lectures on wildlife experiences. Staff provides the accurate and best interpretation that helps visitors and guests in better understanding the cultural and natural values of the site to appreciate them. It also provides significant contribution for management of park and in improvement of experience of visitors through various activities that include assisting the organization of NPSR in programs for controlling weed and in trial care. It also provides guests information about contributions of stakeholders for management of park and about minimum use of electricity and water resources (Queensland Ecotourism Development Toolkit, 2016).
Despite such initiatives that are mentioned in previous section, Australia is lagging behind its set goals for ecotourism. Many reasons have their contribution. Some are explained here from previous researches. Financial problems of indigenous people are one such reason. Their lower financial status and shortage of wealth leads them towards difficulties for business establishment. Moreover, red tape and tough procedures for business plans also have their role. Other reasons include lack of proper education and its need in ecotourism. Some skills and knowledge that is mandatory to bring ecotourism progress up to mark are; strategic and business planning, marketing, inspection and financial management and other skills for equipments (Caldicott and Fuller, 2005). We can assess that no academic research regarding the facilities of ecotourism in Draintree Rainforest is available. A clear research gap is present. No study has been conducted previously to give a complete account of facilities provided in the specified area. If little information is present, it is on large scale including the whole area of Queensland.
Potential of Australia for ecotourism
Vast natural resources, unique flora and fauna of the country
A potential ecotourism spot in Australia with five listed world heritages
DrainTree Rain Forests
Situated in the north east of Queensland in wet tropic forests
A place with a large number of plants and animals species, along with marvelous sceneries.
Government with the partnership of private stakeholders has tried its best to provide world class facilities to visitors of area.
No research accounts for the complete set of facilities provided in the area.
This study is designed to know about current scenario of ecotourism facilities in Draintree Rain Forests in Australia and challenges associated with it. As per the current tourism perspective, ecotourism plays a significant part in various nature conservation projects and for the up-gradation of the entire landscape.
“What are the facilities for ecotourists in Drain Tree Rain Forests in Australia?”
Aim of Research
The study is all set to unexplored the all facilities provided for ecotourism in the Australian conservation areas of Drain Tree Rain Forest and also going to discuss the numerous challenges which are associated with it. In addition to that, the study is also going to deliver necessary recommendations and solutions to the problem-related to ecotourism in specified area.
Objectives of Research
Some of the objectives of study are listed below.
Study will provide an insight for the current available facilities in specified area.
It will point out challenges associated with provision of facilities.
Comprehensive study about ecotourism facilities will also set new dimensions for research.
It will provide basic and comprehensive set of information on availability of ecotourism facilities in Drain Tree Rain Forest.
Information from study can provide sound basis of policy direction to authorities.
This section is about explaining the methodology of the study. In this section, we will discuss research procedure, tools, sampling method and analysis and collection of data.
Steps in Research design are as follows
Formation of Questionnaire
Conducting survey and interview
Discussion in focus groups
Visits to area
Analysis of data
Arranging data and tabulation of results
Sampling may be either random or systematic. During focus group formation, people are selected on basis of their experience or relevance to field of study that’s why its systematic while interview and survey would target volunteers and it is type of random sampling.
For analysis of data, following tools would be used.
Computational tools such as Excel for arrangement of data
Tables and graphs showing statistics of facilities and visitors opinion
Data collection can be done by many methods but methods that will be followed during this study are;
Discussions in focus group about facilities
Interviews from authorized persons
Questionnaire/Survey for visitors
From respective website and official social media channels of area.
Data would be analyzed using standard tools as mentioned in previous sections for tools. Computational aid can be taken in case of necessity.
Ethical considerations are the one of most important part of a study. During this study, following considerations would be strictly followed.
No participant would be subjected to any harm.
Participation of visitors in survey would be voluntary.
For focus group formation, permission would be obtained from all participants by sending them invitations.
No animal would be harmed or no plant would be destroyed during field study.
Privacy of participants would be given paramount importance.
Confidentiality of data would be maintained at any cost.
Study is not targeting to any ethical group.
Research design of the study indicates a time span of at least 4 months. This is estimated time; actual turnaround may vary depending upon many factors during research.
Time frame for different phases of study is;
Review of previous available studies (15 days)
Visit to field area and collection of data (2 months)
Compilation of data (1 month)
Arrangement and Tabulation of data (5 days)
Representation of data in form of report (5 days)
Research includes developing questionnaire, conducting survey and interviews and field studies that may include travel to conserved areas. Estimated costs are based on these factors.
Visits to conserved areas ($2000)
Actual cost may vary during research.
This is a type of qualitative research and includes conducting survey and taking interviews. Certain limitations are on their way to this research
It is possibility that people are not interested in taking survey. Or during survey they provide incomplete or inappropriate information.
During interviews, it may be possible that people are willing but don’t have time at that moment. Or they agree to give interview but don’t give complete information.
There may be problems during research design or compilation of data.
This piece of documents briefly elaborates the research design and its all parameters. In the light of above discussions, we can conclude that Drain Tree Rain Forest is one of best places for ecotourism in Australia. Provision of better facilities to visitors is the key for boosting ecotourism in specified area. But academic field lacks research in terms of account of facilities in published form. This study is going to fill these information gaps.
Buckley, R. (2004). Partnerships in ecotourism: Australian political frameworks. International Journal of Tourism Research, 6(2), 75-83.
Buultjens, J., Gale, D., & White, N. E. (2010). Synergies between Australian indigenous tourism and ecotourism: possibilities and problems for future development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(4), 497-513.
Dain Tree Futures Study (2000). Final report to the Wet Tropics Ministerial Council.
Dain Tree National Park Management Plan 2019 (2019). Queensland Parks and Wildlife Services, Department of Environment and Science.
DOGANCİLİ, O. S., & TARAKÇIOĞLU, S. (2017). A Study on Examining Turkey and Australia by Swot Analysis in terms of Ecotourism. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 32, 42.
Duan, X., & Yang, S. (2020). Discussion on ecotourism management of Giant Panda National Park in China. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 143, p. 02036). EDP Sciences.
Herath, G. (1997). Ecotourism development in Australia. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(2), 442-446.
McNamara, K. E., & Prideaux, B. (2010). Reading, learning and enacting: interpretation at visitor sites in the Wet Tropics rainforest of Australia. Environmental Education Research, 16(2), 173-188.
Queensland Ecotourism Plan 2016-2020 (2016). Department of National Parks, Sports and Racing.
Queenland Ecotourism Development toolkit (2016). Department of Tourism, major events, Small businesses and CommonWealth Games.
Shasha, Z. T., Geng, Y., Sun, H. P., Musakwa, W., & Sun, L. (2020). Past, current, and future perspectives on eco-tourism: a bibliometric review between 2001 and 2018. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-15.
Weaver, D. B., & Lawton, L. J. (2017). A new visitation paradigm for protected areas. Tourism Management, 60, 140-146.
Weaver, D.B., (2001). The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism.
Weaver, D. B., & Lawton, L. J. (2007). Twenty years on: The state of contemporary ecotourism research. Tourism management, 28(5), 1168-1179.
1. What do you think about Eco-tourism? *
Eco-Tourism activities help to grow the local economy
Eco-Tourism improves the quality of local businesses
Eco-Tourism generates a large number of jobs and income for local residents
Other (please specify):
2. Are you satisfied with accommodation facilities in the area? *
Yes, I am.
No, I am not.
I have not enjoyed such facility here.
Other (please specify):
3. What do you think about transport facilities in the area? *
These are the best possible services.
I am not satisfied.
Services are better but not satisfactory.
Other (please specify):
4. According to you, what is behavior of native people to visitors?
Other (please specify):
5. Does area has better availability of clean drinking water and electricity?
6. According to you, what the government should do to make availability of facilities better than now? *
Write you answer.
7. Are you satisfied with guiding attitude of guiding persons? *
Other (please specify):
8. Have you provided any guiding facilities?
Provided but not satisfactory
Other (please specify):
9. Are programs in area for ecotourism fascinating? *
A little bit
To great extent
Other (please specify):
10. Personal Information: *
Qualification (If any):
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