Project Proposal Report

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Project Proposal Report
Template and Guidelines
The Proposal Report is one of the most important deliverables of any project. Its intention is to define the scope, approach and plan of work which must be undertaken for successful completion of the project. It provides a firm foundation for executing the project and acts as a baseline for monitoring and managing progress, thus improves the possibilities of a successful project completion.
A Project Proposal Report should clearly describe the following:
What you are planning to do.
Why you have chosen to do it.
How you are planning to achieve it.
Who will be doing what?
When you are planning to do it.
Proposal Report Specification:
Length: 1,500 to 2,000 words long (excluding References and Appendices)
Line spacing: 1.5 lines
Font type: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, Verdana, or Times New Roman.
Font size: 11.
Page Margins: top 2.5 cm, bottom 2 cm, left 2.5 cm and right 2 cm.
1 empty line must be left between paragraphs
Use the following pages as a template for your proposal and follow the guidelines provided in each section. The intention is to help you plan your project work and present it in a structured and logical format.
Enter your Project Title here
In this section you must:
Introduce your project idea (what is it about), the type of project it may be (research, applied, practical), define any terminology (briefly explain it).
Provide justification on the choice, why it is important, who will benefit, is there a specific purpose?
Provide a short Background to the topic:
If done for a client, introduce the client and what they hope to achieve
If your choice, explain why it interests you and what you expect to gain from it
The project is applied.
The main purpose for the website that I chose to create is about providing the students with a wide range of topics to choose from for their dissertation. The reason as to why I decided to develop this website is because it was my problem and my colleagues last year. We all kept asking the teachers about ideas for our dissertation because we had no ideas about what topic to choose for our dissertation. I believe that this website will give the information necessary to students to choose a topic that they will enjoy doing. My website will be user friendly, and a free community. If anyone wanted to join it, there is never a cost, or anything associated. The idea is to get as many members as possible, because then a lot of people will jump in and help each other out.
And also, I would like to carry out hacking procedures on my website and how to eradicate the attacks. The purpose of this is identifying ways in which security breaches could take place and also recommend how these security features could be enhanced. This study is important because it explores the various security features involved in a website.
Scope, Aims and Objectives
Aim 1: Creating a website
Obj 1.1: To design the layout of website.
Obj 1.2: To develop the user interface for the customers/students.
Obj 1.3: To host website and its content to keep the website up and running for the
customers/students on google.
Obj 1.4: To review the final code.
Obj 1.5: To release the website.
Aim 2: Demonstrations of hacking the website using (SQL Injection, Man-in-
the-middle (MITM) Attack and Cross-site-scripting (XSS))
Obj 2.1: To hack the website using SQL Injection (process of using SQLMap
in Kali Linux).
Obj 2.2: To hack the website using MITM attack in Kali Linux (using the ARP
poisoning tool from Ettercap in Kali Linux).
Obj 2.3: To hack the website using Cross-site-scripting (XSS).
Aim 3: Website protection – identifying countermeasures that exists to stop
the above cyber-attacks on a website.
Obj 3.1: To identify countermeasures for SQL Injection attacks.
Obj 3.2: To identify countermeasures for Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks.
Obj 3.3: To identify countermeasures for Cross-site-scripting (XSS) attacks.
Here, you must identify and explain the scope and overall aims of your project. The Aims should be followed by a list of objectives which should collectively describe what the final deliverables and achievements of the project will be.
This section must include:
Introduction to the overall intention behind the project
Aims (3 to 4 aims each focusing on a specific part of the project)
Objectives (3 to 4 objectives for each Aim thus providing enhanced focus and clarity on the direction to be followed)
Deliverables (what the final outcome of the project will be)
When putting together the scope, and list of Aims and Objectives, you must start by clearly understanding what is the intention behind the project. The title must represent very clearly the focus of the project (by reading the title, a reader must know clearly what the project is all about).
In order to satisfy the title you must perform several tasks. Split the requirements of the title down to 3 or 4 major tasks. These are your Aims. In order now to satisfy each Aim, several tasks must be performed which once completed will satisfy the requirements of that specific Aim. These are your objectives. The structure of the Aims and Objectives is shown in Figure 1:
Figure 1: The structure of Aims and Objectives
All objectives must begin with the word ‘to’, and should be phrased so that the success or failure in meeting them can be tested or measured. Typical Command verbs that could be used are shown in Table 1 below:
Table 1: Command verbs to use in the Aims and Objectives
To analyse … To apply … To assess … To calculate … To compare … To construct … To create …
To demonstrate … To design … To develop … To differentiate … To discuss … To evaluate … To establish …
To estimate … To explore … To investigate … To justify … To plan … To predict … To produce …
To propose … To recommend … To research … To review … To secure … To simulate … To validate …
DO NOT USE to understand to find to learn to know
The best approach to setting the scope and direction of the project is to define 3 or 4 Aims, each with a series of smaller and focused objectives (3 or 4), rather than building the project around a single large Aim. In this way you can ensure that the project is not dependent on a single Aim or a single Objective.
Methodology – How are you going to do it?
Building the website using HTML5, CSS and JavaScript.
Demonstrating the hacking techniques in Kali Linux.
Methodology – Waterfall management approach
Web development is a core skill in field of computer science; websites are the core communication means for many companies. Many companies use websites to communicate their products and services. All forms of websites must include CSS and HTML, which forms the major language for Website markup. CSS is applied in deciding the theme of the website, font size, image size, page layout, rows and making columns. These two components are important in creating a front end-website. As quoted before, front-end development rely solely on the use of JavaScript and CSS combined with HTML5.
HTML5 has become a core technology for developing front-end, it consist of short-codes called tags, the texts between the tags are stored and are integrated through the browser. The texts between the HTML tags determines the web content. Although HTML has undergone development and was updated to HTML4 then HTML5 in 2014, HTML uses selectors that is part of the CSS code.
This section must include:
Discuss how you will approach the project (scenario, case study, problem area, other)
Discuss the methodology that you will follow (explain why it is appropriate)
Any specific assumptions (explain the reasons behind them)
Activities to be undertaken: Justification and limitations
Functional and/or academic boundaries
Restrictions that define the project’s limitations
Boundaries as set by the Aims and Objectives
Events or influences on your project which you perceive to be true without providing any proof that they are actually true
Contingency Plans:
Alternative ways to follow in case things go wrong.
In this section you must identify how you are planning to approach your project and include a brief justification of your choice of methods and tools. Whether it will be based on a scenario, a case study, a problem area, or any other way, the approach that you choose to follow must make it possible for you to focus your efforts in finding a solution to your problem and completing your project. For example, if your project is based on building a network or creating a mobile application for a specific need, then this need could be put into a real world context in the form of, possibly, a case study, a scenario or a problem in need of a solution. In a similar way, if you are working on an applied / consultancy project, you must in a similar way include the requirements of your client / customer, the relevant background of the work they want done and what they hope to achieve at the end of the day. This will help you put into perspective the work that you will be doing and focus on the desired outcome.
Describe and justify the activities that you plan to carry out and the limits of your project. Note any project specific assumptions and explain the reasons behind them. Also, the functional or academic boundaries of your project must be included. Functional boundaries help define which parts of a problem will be addressed. In order to clarify the scope and boundaries of the project, it may be helpful to list what you will not be covering. Identify the possible risks that could take place and may jeopardise your project. In each case you must provide contingency plans (fall-back positions). Also, any project-specific constraints should be noted for review. Be specific and avoid bland statements that apply to all projects.
Project Plan
The main aim of the project is to understand the development of the website using HTML, JavaScript and CSS. The course was to help in learning the syntax and semantics of HTML and at the same time learning how to set up a website. The learning outcome means that they will learn on a website, the basics of optimizing websites and creation of a website layout. There is als the advanced features that are unique to the website and learn the process of adding images, special features and publishing website.
The other deliverables is performing cyber-attacks on the website and identify countermeasures for these attacks.
The project plan should include the following items:
Major Milestones – ensure they align with the project module submission timetable
Resources list – identifying the purpose behind each item listed Identify the resources or tools which will be required, highlighting any special ones, in order to enable you to complete your project. You may include any hardware and software necessary.
Skills – identifying which skills are available and which are required.
Risks – considering what could compromise the progress and success of the project.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) – identifying the list of tasks that you have to undertake.
Gantt chart – Identifying the scheduling of particular project tasks and should include all the tasks which must be undertaken until the end of your project.
Examples of Risks and Limitations:
Non-availability of resources (journals, library facilities, IT facilities, laboratories, specialist equipment, etc.)
Tasks that overrun due to lack of experience (in estimating their duration, or in applying them to a real world situation)
Other commitments (coursework or employers, making unexpected demands on your time
Unexpected or higher than anticipated costs (if applicable)
Concerns on Client-based Projects (lack of access to clients, business documents, premises, etc.)
Literature Review
The literature review section should be between 750 to 1,000 words long. Through the literature review you must introduce and provide a good understanding of the theme area of your project. In the early part of the literature review you must focus on the generic area that your project is aiming at and provide a good understanding of this area, what its purpose is, and why it is important. Following that you must identify precisely where within the literature your project fits. You must also elaborate on any relevant ethical and social aspects and implications.
To help you clarify the direction that you must take when putting together the literature review you must keep in mind the title of your project along with your ‘Aims and Objectives’.
References and Bibliography
List of references and bibliography that you have consulted in preparing your Project Proposal Report and also through your Preliminary Literature Review. The Harvard referencing technique must be used.
You should also indicate what resources (list of books, etc.) you are planning to read and why they are important (what each item has to offer) in your understanding of the specific project field.
Marking Criteria (Max Marks per item)
Feedback from Research Methods Tutor
Marks Awarded
Introduction (10)
Project Introduction Choice Justification Topic Background


Scope, Aims, Objectives (20)
Overall Intention Aims Objectives Deliverables

Methodology (20)
Type of Project Approach & Activities Constraints Assumptions Contingency Plans

Project Plan (25)
Major Milestones Resources (available / not) Skills (available / required) Risks WBS Gantt Chart

Literature Review (20)
Overview of Generic Area Project Position within Generic Area Relevant Work Reported Ethical, Social, Legal, Professional Issues

Clarity & Presentation (5)
Report presentation Linear and logical order Grammar, Spellings Harvard Referencing

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