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Risk Analysis &
Principles of Health & Safety
Assignment 1
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© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited.
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Assessment criteria
This assessment covers the following assessment criteria:
Rules for completion
The completed assignment should be saved in a .doc, .docx, or .pdf file, and uploaded via the myNCRQ
online portal, before the deadline given in the assessment email. You should try to submit this
assessment in a single file, however you will be permitted to upload a maximum of two files.
Be sure to accept the declaration and click “submit”.
The top of the first page of the document must include your full name and student number.
Assessment Criteria
The learner can:
Explain the key hazards and control measures arising from common activities in a workplace
Evaluate the risks of a given scenario
Identify potential control measures to achieve legal compliance in a given scenario
Recommend to an employer suitable risk control measures for a given scenario
Justify the recommended control measures given to an employer against any financial,
technical, operational and societal impacts.
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited.
You are a safety advisor for a national billboard advertising company, which operates throughout the UK.
The company owns and manages over 5,000 billboard advertising sites across the country, the vast
majority of these being traditional advertising boards where posters are printed and manually pasted to
the board.
Traditionally, the routine posting of new posters was done by contractors. The company are now bringing
this activity in- house.
Using the additional information attached, you are to carry out a detailed analysis of the risks and
produce a written risk assessment for ing of of advertising posters.
Carry out each of the five tasks below, and record your answers for each task.
1. Identify all of the hazards which may arise from ing of advertising posters.
2. For each hazard, identify all of the potential control measures that would reduce the risk to a legally
acceptable level. You should include control measures even if they would be disproportionate to the
level of risk.
3. Applying the concept of reasonable practicability, determine a range of control measures for each risk
that you would recommend to control each risk, in order to comply with the duty under s2(1) of the
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974.
4. Explain your justification for recommending or not recommending each of the control measures.
5. Produce a written record of the final risk assessment to ensure that the company complies with the law.
Ensure that you read the tasks carefully, and record your answers for each of them. Note that there are a
number of tasks to complete and answer before you produce a final written risk assessment.

© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited.
Tutor Tips
This exercise is designed to guide you through the thought process that you use when writing a risk
assessment. You will record this process when you answer questions 1 to 4.
The exercise culminates in writing the formal risk assessment for question 5.
Would the controls from your risk assessment ensure that the employees work as safely as is
reasonably practicable?
Additional Information
Attached to this assignment are the following documents:
• Record of interview with a typical advertising installer
• Example of risk analysis approach
You are not required to undertake any additional research into this activity or job role, or to infer any
additional responsibilities or tasks of the advertising installer that are not mentioned in the provided
materials. You are not required to have any additional knowledge of this industry.
You may undertake additional basic research into risks, standards, and control measures, however you are
not expected to posses any information that is not available on the Health and Safety Executive website.
You may have multiple control measures for each hazard, however your description of each control
measure does not need to exceed one or two sentences.
Your responses to each of the five tasks above should be clearly identifiable. You may use lists or tables to
present your answers if you prefer. You may decide the most appropriate format in which to present the
risk assessment.
There is no formal word limit. As a guide, the completed assignment should be between six to ten sides of
A4, however this may vary considerably depending on how you present your answers.
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited.
Assessment material: Record of interview with a typical
advertising installer
I have previously worked as an advertising installer with a contractor, and have now been employed directly
by this national company.
The organisation has about 5,000 billboards across the UK. Almost all of these are simple wooden structures
with a frame, onto which adverts are manually pasted. There are some digital billboards where the pictures
are updated remotely – our team is not responsible for these [and they do not form part of this assessment.]
Billboards exist in a range of sizes. The smallest are 1.8 metres wide and 1.2 metres high, and the largest are 12
metres wide and 3 metres high. They are normally installed so that the base is at least 1 metre above ground
level, but in many cases the base can be 2 to 3 metres of the ground- and so the top of the boards can be up
to 5 metres of the ground.
Billboards are located in a wide variety of locations. They are typically in places with very high footfalls –
and so are often found close to main roads where they appeal to road users, and city centres where they
will appeal to pedestrians. Two examples are shown on the next page.
Sometimes it is possible to park our van close to the site, but about 50% of the sites require us to walk at least
10 metres from the van to get access to the billboard. The ground by the billboards is usually concrete or
asphalt, but sometimes they are located on grassed and /or uneven sites. Inmost cases it will not be possible
for a mobile elevated work platform to access the site because of obstructions from bollards and other street
Our installers work individually, and each have a van with the ability to transport two sets of ladders on the
roof. They will be expected to replace posters at 10 to 15 sites each day. The work needs to be carried out in
all weathers, as it is imperative that advertising campaigns start on time.
To install a new poster, the existing posters are covered with a wallpaper paste using a roller. This waterbased paste is transported in large buckets from the van, and each bucket can weigh about 15 kg. The
paste is non-hazardous.
ers for each billboard are made up of a number of separate sheets, ranging from six to 96 sheets
depending on the size of the board. These sheets are not too heavy on their own – weighing only about 50
grams each. It is important that they are not damaged, and so handling them carefully takes some skill. They
are placed on the freshly pasted billboard starting from the top left, and then each sheet is placed in order
until the full poster has been built up.
About once per year, we remove all of the old posters from a billboard. As there are many layers of old
posters and dried paste, the debris from this activity can be quite heavy, and so this is done by a team of
I work from home – just going into the depot for supplies, maybe once a week. I have a work-issued mobile
phone for the depot to contact me. I pick up a work sheet each Monday, and that sets out my jobs for the
I park my work van at home, so I can get straight to work. Like all installers, I work alone. I drive to the
location of the task – which can sometimes take quite some time.
I generally have a busy workload, although I do not feel that this is too much. I have some flexibility with my
working hours, which really helps.
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited. 5
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited. 6
Example of risk analysis approach
The unrelated example below illustrates how this assessment could be approached by looking at just one
of the many hazards that may be present. You could adopt a similar approach to each of the hazards
present in your assessment scenario. You may find that a diferent presentation (for example a table)
works better for you.
Example activity:
Crossing an internal roadway on a large factory site, used by 100 ofce staf per day.
Hazard (task 1):
Being struck by moving vehicles when crossing the road
All potential control measures (task 2):
Build a pedestrian bridge
Install a trafc-light controlled pedestrian crossing
Install a zebra crossing
Install speed bumps
Install speed camera
Enforce wearing of high visibility clothing
Warning signs (for both pedestrians and vehicles)
All recommended control measures (task 3):
Install a zebra crossing
Install speed bumps
Warning signs for vehicles only
Justification (task 4):
Build a pedestrian bridge – would completely eliminate the risk of being struck by moving vehicles, and so is
at the top of the hierarchy of control. However, the costs of this are probably in the region of £50,000+, and
so despite eliminating the risk would not be reasonably practicable here, taking into account the frequency of
use of the crossing point.
Install a trafc – light controlled pedestrian crossing – would help reduce the risk by encouraging vehicles
to stop. Would not be completely efective – does not physically prevent vehicles from violating the red
light, and in reality pedestrians may not always use it. When balanced against the installation and
maintenance costs, the risk reduction here could be achieved more cheaply by other means (below).
Install a zebra crossing – would help reduce the risk by encouraging vehicles to stop. Would not be
completely efective – does not physically prevent vehicles from colliding with pedestrians. On it’s own
it may have limited efectiveness (and indeed increase the risks), however in combination with speed
bumps and warning signs for drivers (see below) it would have a considerable risk reduction. The cost
of installation would be low (painting crossing point), and ongoing costs low (re-painting every year),
and so this would be a reasonably practicable control for 100 users.
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited. 7
Install speed bumps – would reduce the speed of all vehicles, which will reduce both the likelihood of injury
and the consequences of a collision. As these measures are passive, they will work to reduce likelihood and
consequence 100% of the time, and so feature quite highly on the hierarchy of control. Whilst it might cost
a few thousand pounds to install, on balance this is likely to be a reasonably practicable measure where
pedestrian and vehicle routes cross.
Install speed camera – whilst it may help to reduce the speed of vehicles (in conjunction with a speed limit)
it does not physically prevent high speed. They are expensive to purchase and install, and will need
significant administrative time to implement and operate a system to penalise drivers who contravene the
limit. This would not be reasonably practicable.
Enforce wearing of high visibility – this would depend on the context. If the only exposure of pedestrians to
a trafc route was this crossing point, and it was well-lit, then despite the low cost (£2 or so) of high
visibility vests, this would not reduce the risks by any discernible amount as a user of the crossing would be
visible in any case. When combined with the efort in putting on a vest at each side of the crossing point,
and reliance on human behaviour to do this, it would be disproportionate to the risks. Implementing such a
system may also detract from other higher-risk areas of the site.
Warning signs – signs to warn drivers of the crossing point would cost a few hundred pounds to install,
however as there may be new drivers on the site it would probably be reasonably practicable to spend this
money, which then provides a permanent reminder of the likelihood of pedestrians using the road.
Pedestrians will be travelling at normal walking speed, and if the road is unobstructed and clearly marked,
additional warning signs for pedestrians would be unlikely to reduce the risk by any significant amount – the
risks from vehicles using the road are ubiquitous in life, and in the absence of any additional or special risks a
warning of the road would not be required.
Training – similar to above, the risks of crossing the road are known to everybody in normal life, and
the provision of specific training on this would clearly be unnecessary, even if it had no financial cost.
Risk assessment (task 5):
A formal risk assessment with all of the recommended controls (from task 3 above, and including every
hazard) will also be developed and included in the assessment.
© 2018 NCRQ. Reproduction or publication of this document is prohibited. 8

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